Cognitive Effects of Bullying on Development.
- Cognitively, victimized children are living with this humiliation, fear and anxiety in their everyday lives and this creates a block in their development.
- Victimized children are often quiet and submissive and therefore they do not participate as frequently in class.
- When children do not feel comfortable participating in class, they internalize and often fall behind.
- When children do not feel comfortable participating in class, they internalize and often fall behind. As bullied children fall behind socially and in school, they are likely to see themselves as insignificant.
- Feelings of insignificance are harmful to a child’s cognitive development as they exhibit antisocial behaviour and low self-esteem.
- A child’s self-esteem is high if their peers see them positively and low when peers see them negatively, therefore bullied children are more likely to have low self-esteem.
- Fear overloads the child’s mind and their ability to problem solve and focus on new tasks is delayed. Poor problem solving skills affect the child’s cognitive development as they are unable to cope in various situations and they fear social interaction.
- Children with poor problem solving skills and socializing skills struggle to make-belief play, which is a great cognitive development tool for children.